|1706||The French attack and devastate the island (the French settlers having been driven out 4 years earlier) except for Brimstone Hill which was a refuge fortress designed for such situations. In the following month another French fleet similarly captured and laid waste to Nevis which was at the time a thriving sugar colony "Queen of the Caribbean". As a result of this invasion, Charles Fort in Nevis, defending the capital of Charles Town, was strengthened.
Powder magazine at Brimstone Hill Fortress struck by lightning and destroyed.
|Early 1700s||The name of the island is increasingly referred to as 'St. Kitts'. This coincides with the Governorship of Christopher Codrington over the Leeward Islands ('Kit' is a 'pet name' of 'Christopher').|
|1713||Treaty of Utrecht declared the entire island of St. Christopher British.|
|1727||Basseterre becomes the capital of St. Christopher (St. Kitts).|
|1731||Lightning strikes again. The principal Powder magazine at the Fortress, housing most of the arms and ammunition on the island, was completely destroyed..|
|1776||The 13 British North American colonies (South of Canada) declare their independence. St. Eustatius, a Dutch island through which passed much of the munitions and other supplies for the American Revolutionary army, was the first foreign port to salute the American flag when the 'Andrew Doria' arrived on November 16 of that year..|
|1781||The British Admiral Rodney capture and plunder the island of St. Eustatius, known as the 'Golden Rock' by virtue of the vast wealth in merchandise on such a tiny island.|
|1782||The Great Siege of Brimstone Hill. France, which along with Spain and Holland had allied with the Revolutionary Government of America against Britain, had already captured four British Caribbean Colonies ( Dominica, St. Vincent, Grenada, Tobago ), when it attacked St. Kitts with 8000 soldiers and 31 warships. The local militia retreated to British Hill Fortress where with the garrison (altogether numbering approximately 950 men, assisted by marauding African slaves) held out for four weeks of heavy artillery fire from 62 cannon, howitzers and mortars deployed around the Hill. Meanwhile the British Admiral Hood out- manoeuvred the French fleet under De Grasse at Basseterre. This tactical victory combined with the prolonged resistance at Brimstone Hill may have prevented a French rendevous with a Spanish fleet in Cuba assembled for a joint invasion of Jamaica. Had that attack taken place and been successful, it would have severely - perhaps conclusively weakened British influence in the West Indies. The naval victory over the French at the islets 'the Saintes' off Dominica re-established British naval supremacy..|
|1783||St. Kitts (and Brimstone Hill Fortress) restored to the British. This agreement was one detail of a complex multi-nation negotiation begun at Versailles and concluding in Paris, and referred to variously as the Treaty of Versailles and the Treaty of Paris. Among other important decisions was the confirmation of the independence of the United States of America..|
|1783-early 1800s||Reconstruction, extension and strengthening of the Fortress. The present Citadel and Prince of Wales Bastion completed at that time. The Fortress thus regarded as impregnable is, thereafter referred to as 'the Gibraltar of the West Indies'.|
|1789||The French Revolution. The monarchy overturned in a popular uprising, and the principles of 'Liberty, Equality and Fraternity' proclaimed. These slogans were embraced by the free Coloureds and many of the Plantocracy and officials in the French colonies, for whom however, the concept did not extend to slavery..|
|1791||The Haitian Revolution: a war of liberation in France's most profitable sugar colony, St Domingue, but also an ethnic war involving grands blancs and petit blancs (propertied and non-propertied whites) free coloureds, African slaves, the French Republican army (which contained 'black' troops) and the French colonial militia (which included free coloureds). The African ex-slaves under the leadership of Toussaint L'Ouverture, prevailed, and independence was declared in 1804.|
|1795-97||Carib Revolt in St. Vincent, the 'Brigand's War'. The 'Black Caribs' (descended from the survivors of the wreck of a slave ship, who had intermingled with native people and absorbed much of their culture) and Yellow Caribs (the indigenous people) combined against the British colonizers. The British landed re-inforcements and the revolt was defeated after the Black Carib leader, Chatoyer was killed. The Black Caribs were transported to Honduras and present day Belize in Central America|
|1795||The establishment by the British of the first two black (African) regiments drawn from Africans captured from slave- ships, and the slave population of the colonies, commanded by British officers. Twelve such regiments were raised, but the numbers fluctuated. They served British military interests in the Caribbean and also in West Africa. West India Regiments (WIR) were stationed at Brimstone Hill from time to time, including the 4th WIR in the mid- 1790s and the 2nd WIR in 1851. The last West India Regiment was disbanded in 1927, but the uniform of the 2nd survivors as the ceremonial dress of the Barbados and Jamaica Defence Force Bands..|