|1900||An annual sum allocated by Government for clearing brush at Brimstone Hill.|
Eruption of mont Pelee in Martinique (more than 30, 000 perish); and Soufrere in St. Vincent (2,000 Killed).
|1912||Central Sugar Factory, near Basseterre, begins operations to manufacture sugar previously undertaken by various estate mills around the island.|
|1917||Puerto Ricans become U.S citizens. The island eventually (1952) becomes a 'Commonwealth' of the U.S.A
The U.S purchases the Virgin Islands from Denmark
|1914 - 18||First World War. Many from St. Kitts and Nevis and other British colonies volunteer and serve in the British armed Forces.|
|1926||Basseterre Sugar Factory Railway completed.|
|1929 - 30||Some 30 cannons replaced at Brimstone Hill|
|1930s||Emergence of Rastafarians movement in Jamaica..|
|1935||Spontaneous revolt by sugar estate workers over conditions break out at Buckley's Estate. Other similar disturbances thereafter break out in other British West Indian Colonies.|
|1939 - 45||The Second World War. Many men and women from the islands volunteer and serve Allied Forces (British and Canadian).|
|1946||Martinique, Guadeloupe and other French Caribbean colonies opt to become departments of France.|
|1952||Universal Adult Suffrage enacted in St. Kitts Nevis and Anguilla; ministerial form of government introduced.|
|1954||Dutch Caribbean colonies become associated states within the Kingdom of the Netherlands|
|1956||Leeward Islands Federation abolished, to make way for proposed West Indies Federation|
|1958||Ten British Colonies in the Caribbean combine to form the West Indies Federation|
|1959||Fidel Castro comes to power in Cuba|
|1962||The West Indies Federation is dissolved.|
|1965||The Society for the Restoration of Brimstone Hill is formed. The Government leases the entire Fortress to the Society for 21 years at a nominal rental|
|1966||Visit to Brimstone Hill by Britain's Queen Elizabeth and Prince Phillip. The access road to the Parade paved in preparation of this visit|
|1967||Statehood: St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla becomes a "State in Association with Britain", a form of quasi-independence in which Britain retained control of foreign affairs. Anguilla rebels against independence with St. Kitts (and eventually, in 1983, reverts to colonial status as a dependency of Britain).
A failed attempt is made by a small group of Anguillians and local supporters to overthrow the government in St. Kitts
|1970 (August)||The Christena Disaster. Inter-island ferry sinks between St. Kitts and Nevis with the loss of 227 lives.|
|1973||The Treaty of Chaguaramas establishes the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) made up of former and current British Caribbean Colonies for the purpose of collaborating trade as well as in other areas such as Education foreign policy and culture.
The restored Prince of Wales Bastion ceremonially re- opened by Britain's Prince Charles, Prince of Wales.
|1974||Earthquake damages part of the Citadel and other retaining walls of Brimstone Hill|
|1975||Government acquires sugar estate lands (which constituted more than 80% of the arable land and previously owned by a small group of individuals - many absentees - and syndicates).|
|1979||A bloodless revolution in Grenada; a new government takes power|
|1981||Treaty of Basseterre establishes the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) made up of 8 of the smaller states and territories of CARICOM. Shares common monetary authority, the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB).|
|1982||Bicentennial of the Great Siege of Brimstone Hill is commemorated. Museum opened at Fort George (the Citadel) in restored barrack rooms. Canteen and public toilets (housed in a reconstructed building are completed.|
|1983 (September)||Independence: St. Kitts & Nevis becomes an independent State.
Workshop on "The Uses of Historical Resources", organised by Island Resources Foundation, is held at Brimstone Hill.
Leaders of Revolutionary Government in Grenada are murdered; U.S forces invade the island.
A 'Feasibility Study of the Development of Brimstone Hill' completed by Frederick C. Gjessing of the US National Parks Service; many of Mr. Gjessings proposals (and architectural drawings) have been employed.
|1985||Unveiling, by Britain's Queen Elizabeth, of a plaque at Brimstone Hill inaugurating the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park Society as successor to the Society for the Restoration of Brimstone Hill. A special Resolution effecting that change had been passed earlier that year by the Society.
Repairing and stabilizing of Infantry officers' Barracks and retaining Walls completed. The Society completed and moves into its own office on land leased from Government, at Taylor's Range.
|1987||The National Conservation and Environmental Protection Act is gazetted and becomes law. This Act, among it's many provisions, declares Brimstone Hill Fortress a National Park and empowers the Society to administer it.|
|1989||Reconstruction of Warrant Officers' Quarters completed.
Presentation of the useful 'Pre-feasibility study of the Preservation, Restoration and Development of Brimstone Hill Fortress, by Author Young on behalf of the Caribbean Conservation Association.
Presentation of valuable study by Victor T. Smith of the Fortress Study Group (UK) of 'Brimstone Hill Fortress: a report on its History, with proposals for its continued Restoration, interpretation and Development as a public Historic monument and Tourist Attraction
|1990||Society celebrates tercentenary of the first arming of Brimstone Hill, with a military parade. "Beating the Retreat" by the St. Kitts Nevis Defence Force, at Brimstone Hill. D. Lloyd Matheson is proclaimed President Emeritus of the Society.|
|1991||Reconstruction of Commissariat Building is completed|
|1992||The D. Lloyd Matheson Visitors' Centre is officially opened. Named in honour of the President Emeritus and President of the Society 1967-89, it houses the Gift Shop and audio- visual Orientation Room in the reconstructed Commissariat Building.|
|1995||Volcanic eruption in Montserrat.|
|1996||National Honours Act proclaims Robert Bradshaw former Premier as the first national Hero of St. Kitts & Nevis|
|1996-1999||Archaeological investigations at Brimstone Hill seek and document the role of African slaves in its construction and maintenance. 8-10 week field sessions, led by Gerald Schroedl of the University of Tennessee were conducted once a year for four consecutive years|
|1997||Prince of Wales Bastion Conference and Banquet Centre officially opened.|
|1998||Referendum in Nevis on Secession from Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis. 61.7% vote in favour, 38% against. Required majority for a successful motion is 67%.|
|1999||At the 23rd Session of UNESCO's World Heritage Committee, the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is inscribed on the World Heritage List of cultural properties of outstanding universal value|